Paris Agreement Goal of 1.5 is Non-Negotiable: COP28 President-Designate
Dr Sultan Al Jaber, COP28 UAE President-Designate, today emphasized the need to mobilize resources and partnerships towarda bold and transformative approach to climate action.
Speaking at the World Sustainable Development Summit hosted by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in New Delhi, Dr. Al Jaber recognized India’s prominent global role and noted that the country, which assumes the Presidency of the G20 this year, is soon to become the world’s third largest economy.
Dr Al Jaber said: “India’s sustainable development is critical, not just for India, but for the whole world.
"India’s goal of adding 500GW of clean energy in the next seven years is a powerful statement of intent.And, as one of the largest investors in renewables, the UAE will explore all opportunities for partnership with India to contribute to its high growth, low carbon pathway.”
Recognizing Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s leadership as guiding India on its path to a prosperous and sustainable future, he emphasized the UAE’s support for India’s G20 focus on transformative action towards a cleaner, greener, and bluer future, with just and equitable growth for all.
Highlighting that “The UAE takes on the role of COP28 with humility, a deep sense of responsibility and urgency”, he reaffirmed UAE’s commitment to the Paris Agreement goal of limiting global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius but stressed that progress was far from what was needed.
“Let me make one thing absolutely clear: the goal of keeping 1.5 alive is non-negotiable. It is also clear that business as usual won’t get us there. We need a paradigm shift in our approach to mitigation, adaptation, finance, and loss and damage.”
Reflecting on the key pillars of climate negotiations, Dr Al Jaber outlined key priorities across mitigation and adaptation.
He added: “On mitigation, we need to rapidly build the clean energy systems of tomorrow, while making the energy systems of today much cleaner.
"We must triple renewable energy capacity, double hydrogen production, expand nuclear power, improve battery storage, scale up carbon capture and enhance efficiency.
"And we need to accelerate an energy transition that leaves no one behind, particularly the 800 million people, across the Global South who have no access today.
“We need to transform food systems, that account for one third of global emissions. Embrace agri-tech to feed a growing planet on a limited carbon budget.And enhance water use so that everyone on this planet has access to safe drinking water.
"At COP28, transforming our food and water systems will be given the same attention as transitioning our energy and industrial systems.We need to advance on all fronts at the same time.”
Acknowledging the need to support those impacted by climate change, Dr. Al Jaber pointed to the need to boost support for adaptation, and to embrace nature-based solutions.
“On adaptation, COP28 must conclude the Global Goal on Adaptation, and finalize agreement around doubling adaptation finance.TERI has been at the forefront of pushing for this goal, which will help protect vulnerable communities across the Global South," he said.
Adaptation also means preserving ALL life on earth, protecting biodiversity, natural ecosystems, and endangered species. As a nation, and as the COP28 Presidency, we share India’s firm belief that safeguarding and respecting nature is a fundamental obligation, added Dr Al Jaber.
"The UAE has always embedded environmental protection, respect for nature, and climate action into our development strategy.”
The COP28 President-Designate emphasized that the step change in the climate progress needed cannot happen without accessible and affordable capital, noting that trillions, not billions, are required.
“A key enabler will be the reform of the International Financial Institutions and Multilateral Development Banks.We must mobilize much more concessional finance to unlock more private sector capital and target investments where they are needed most."
"As such, scaling and accelerating climate finance will be one of the key goals of the COP28 Presidency, and we will rally all relevant parties in an effort to get it done.”
He reaffirmed that the COP28 Presidency would listen to and engage with all stakeholders, bringing everyone to the table and ensuring that no-one was left behind.
Dr Al Jaber closed his address by highlighting it was partnershipswhich would make progress towards a sustainable future for all: “In the months to come, myself and the COP28 team, will continue to listen, consult, and engage with everyone.
"Everyone from civil society, Indigenous peoples, the private sector, governments, women, and youth.
“Let’s unite everyone around a COP of action and a COP for all.Let’s remember that the world makes progress through partnership, not polarization."
Dr Al Jaber also held several meetings on the sidelines of the event including with H.E S Jaishankar, India Minister of External Affairs; H.E Bharrat Jagdeo, Vice President of Guyana; and Bhupender Yadav, Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change of India.