WGS Report Urges 5 Actions to Reduce Emissions by Over 80%
A report released by the World Government Summit (WGS), in partnership with global management consulting firm Oliver Wyman, urges governments in the Middle East to focus on harmonizing national priorities and strategies to achieve climate neutrality.
The report, entitled ‘Sustainable Policies for Climate Action in the Middle East: Reaching Net Zero Targets’, outlines policy recommendations for countries in the region which would reduce greenhouse gas emissions by an estimated 80% if adopted.
The report urges countries to take urgent climate action before arriving at “a point of no return”, by committing to a 42% reduction in global emissions by the end of the decade.
In the Gulf region, the UAE has pledged to achieve net-zero by 2050, with Saudi Arabia and Bahrain committed to meeting this target by 2060.
Saudi Arabia took a major step towards this with the “Saudi Green” initiative, which aims to reduce CO2 emissions 278 MTA by the year 2030. Qatar has also committed to reducing CO2 emissions by 25% by the end of the decade.
According to Matthieu De Clercq, Partner, Oliver Wyman and one of the lead authors of the report: “It’s clear in the Middle East, governments have realized the importance of reducing emissions.
"Green technologies will provide a new platform for economic growth, one that can achieve both a sustainable economy and will help meet the region’s net zero targets.”
To meet the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2030, Oliver Wyman estimates the region needs to reduce its emissions by 42%, or approximately 1,325MT CO2e – the ‘emissions gap’.
According to the report, four energy-intensive sectors combined account for 85% of the emissions gap - energy production (39%), industrial (21%), residential and public buildings (14%), and transportation (11%) - and provides guidance on how each sector can cut emissions.
Achieving their various climate targets will be challenging for economies that have been largely dependent on oil production. The Middle East region faces the triple pressures of increasing economic diversification and global competitiveness, as well as decarbonisation goals.
“The coming decade presents the region with a unique opportunity to create a bold vision despite challenges in reducing emissions in sectors that are difficult structurally to decarbonize, due to their high reliance on energy-intensive industrial and refining activities,” said De Clercq.
Mohamed Yousef Al Sharhan, Deputy Managing Director of the World Government Summit Organization, said that the Organization is a global platform for governments to adopt changes that lead to a better world.
He added that the WGS also connects governments globally, to help them fulfil their commitments to make positive impacts in the community.
Al Sharhan added that the report provides a tangible opportunity for governments to make the necessary policy changes that will enable the transition to a low-carbon economy, implementing net zero initiatives for a brighter future.
Highlighted in the report is Oliver Wyman’s Climate Action Navigator, launched in 2021, a tool designed to help policy decision-makers achieve net zero goals by navigating the relationship between global emissions targets and the levers to accomplish them.
The Navigator provides specific details on potential actions and policy best practices and tools that can be used across all economic sectors and geographies to reduce emissions and meet emission targets.
To enable a smooth and successful transition to a low-carbon economy, the report advises governments to follow five key policy actions in order to meet emissions reduction goals:
1. Invest in the development of Carbon Capture Storage (CCS) and Carbon Capture Utilisation (CCU) technologies, especially in the energy and industrial sectors;
2. Focus on emissions reduction opportunities in the heating and cooling of buildings;
3. Increase low-emissions power generation;
4. Target emissions in the logistics and transportation sectors; and
5. Increase the energy efficiency of industrial processes.
The report urges Middle Eastern policymakers to carefully map out a clear plan for the transition of their economies to net zero.
The report states that climate action could become a regional catalyst to diversify the Middle East’s economy and unlock new pathways for sustainable growth in new fields of industry.
“Middle Eastern countries need to plan their transition carefully as they move to a net zero future so as to ensure that the move does not damage regional economic growth, especially as some economies are still largely reliant on oil and hydrocarbons,” said De Clercq.
“For this switch to be smooth, a number of policy tools need to be applied across each action towards achieving a robust, gradual and sustainable transition, while taking into account the economic, social and fiscal structure of the region,” he added.
The ‘Sustainable Policies for Climate Action in the Middle East: Reaching Net Zero Targets’ report was officially launched at WGS2022.
The event took place in Dubai from 29 to 30 March, under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai.